How Vascular Stenting Helps in Maintaining Veins and Arteries
Vascular stenting is a medical procedure that improves blood flow to your body’s veins and arteries, which surgeons perform during angioplasty. During an angioplasty procedure, doctors place a stent, or a narrow wire mesh tube in your open veins or arteries to avoid it from closing.
Why You Need Vascular Stents
Undergoing angioplasty and stents in veins may be necessary if you have a condition wherein plaque or other elements block or narrow the veins and arteries. Such situations include:
- Narrowing in your large arteries because of atherosclerosis, wherein your artery walls gradually accumulate plaque.
- Renal vascular hypertension due to narrowing kidney arteries. Stents in veins and angioplasty open one or both kidney arteries for proper blood flow to your kidneys, and to improve and safeguard proper function.
- PAD or peripheral artery disease which is the narrowing of your arm or leg arteries.
- Coronary artery disease wherein your coronary arteries tighten, hindering proper flow of oxygenated blood to your heart.
- Carotid artery stenosis wherein your neck arteries tighten, obstructing blood flow to your brain.
- Venous insufficiency wherein your central veins, including those in your pelvis, abdomen, and chest, tighten, obstructing blood flow to your body.
- Dialysis fistula narrowing, which affects blood flow to your fistula, making it unsuitable for dialysis. Angioplasty is normally the first treatment option, but stenting may also be suitable in certain cases.
What Happens After Vascular Stenting
Surgeons provide specific aftercare instructions that you must strictly follow to avoid post-surgery problems. Potential side effects include lingering or worsening leg pain, breath shortness, fever, a leg or arm that feels cool to touch and appear blue, or any issues with the stent access point, such as numbing, swelling, and bleeding.
Doctors also prescribe blood-thinning medications that you have to take habitually to prevent blood clots from developing in your body. You may also have to return for regular checkups to make sure the vascular stenting procedure is and will remain successful.