Venous Insufficiency: Everything You Need to Know
The arteries carry blood from the heart to the rest of the body. When all the nutrients and oxygen have been distributed to the various cells, the veins carry the blood back to the heart. Inside these veins are valves to prevent blood from flowing backwards.
The Cause of Venous Insufficiency
Venous insufficiency is a condition wherein the valves in the veins do not function well. In this condition, the blood doesn’t flow back properly to the heart, leading to pooling in the veins in the legs.
The Types of Venous Disease
- Deep Vein Thrombosis
This is a condition wherein (DVT) is a blood clot that occurred in a deep vein, but it’s more common in the legs. The disease itself is not life-threatening, but when the blood clot travels from the first location and become lodged in the arteries or veins of the lung, it could become dangerous.
- Varicose Veins
Varicose veins are enlarged vessels found in the lower extremities. A vein may become varicose due to prolonged standing and walking. It’s because standing upright increases the pressure in the leg veins. Some people may see this condition as a simple cosmetic concern but for others, it causes discomfort and pain.
- Post-thrombotic Syndrome
This usually happens in people who have deep vein thrombosis. Post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) symptoms may include swelling, redness, ulcers and pain in the legs. When there is a blood clot in the legs, it can lead to blocked blood flow and inflammation, causing damage to the valves.
Venous insufficiency is neither uncommon nor mild. Treatment is aimed at alleviating the symptoms and if possible, correcting the abnormality. Doctors may recommend compression and other modern therapies to reduce blood pooling in the legs. Early detection, prevention, and treatment are important to treat the condition before it even becomes worse and hard to treat.