Common Types of Knee Injury and How They are Treated
The knee is the largest joint found in the body and it has many components, which make it vulnerable to different types of injuries. It consists of four main parts, which include the bones, ligaments, tendons, and cartilage.
Most knee injuries are successfully treated with simple treatments, such as rehabilitation exercises and bracing. However, patients with more extreme injuries may need to undergo a knee surgery.
Common Knee Injuries
The knee is made up of many important components and any of them can get injured. Doctorlarsen.com notes that there are many types of knee injuries, but the most common ones are the following:
- ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament) injuries
- PCL (Posterior Cruciate Ligament) injuries
- Collateral ligament injuries
- Tendon tears
- Meniscal tears
When Do You Need to See a Doctor?
The RICE (rest, ice, compression, and elevation) method can help speed up your recovery when you first injure your knee. However, if any of the following symptoms present themselves, you should seek medical attention right away:
- You are experiencing chronic or severe pain in your knee area.
- There’s a popping sound and a feeling of your knee giving out at the time of the injury.
- You start to limp.
- You are unable to move your knee.
- The injured site starts to swell.
Knee Injury Treatments
The treatment your doctor will recommend may vary depending on the cause and severity of the injury, the status of your overall health, and your age, as well as your activity level.
It’s possible to treat most types of knee injuries with proper rest and other non-surgical treatments, such as bracing, physical therapy, and the use of anti-inflammatory medicines. But for more severe injuries, your doctor may recommend a surgery.
Surgery for most ACL tears can be done with the use of miniature instruments inserted through a small incision. This minimally invasive surgery is called arthroscopy. However, an open surgery with a much larger incision may still be required for many types of knee injuries, as this gives the surgeon easier access and a more direct view of the injury.
The knee joint is vulnerable to different injuries, especially if you are an athlete or you lead an active lifestyle. The good news is that most of them can be treated with non-surgical or minimally invasive surgical treatments. You should carefully listen and follow all of your doctor’s instructions to speed up your recovery, especially if you had a surgery.